Introduction To The Marines Close Combat Fighting
Marines Close Combat Fighting
What is the objective of close combat? The goal of close combat is to perform unarmed and armed techniques, at close distance to another person, which includes both lethal and non-lethal ends, across a range of fierceness within a sequence of force.
Unarmed strategies include hand-to-hand combat and defense against hand-held weapons.
Armed techniques contain strategies used with a weapon or a weapon under the right set of circumstances.
Ranges Of Close Combat
There are three ranges in which close combat encounters can transpire: long-range, mid-range, and close-range. In any clash, these fighting distances may muddle simultaneously or may
quickly transform from one to another and then back again until the challenger is beaten or the fight is controlled.
At long range, the space between fighters permits encounters with legs, weapons, weapons of opportunity, or non-lethal batons.
At mid-range, the space between fighters is in a manner that they can confront each other with blades, punches, or kicks.
At close range, the length between fighters is almost irrelevant because they can now catch hold of each other and may include elbow & knee strikes, wrestling, and grappling.
Weapons Of The Body
The arms include the hands, forearms, and elbows. These are the particular weapons of the arm.
There are various regions of the hands that can be used as weapons.
The fist can be utilized as a weapon aimed at delicate tissue sites like the throat. This will decrease the chance of damage to the fist. The striking locations of the fist are your first two knuckles on your hand or the brawny part of the hand under your little finger.
Edge of Hands
The edge of the hand, called the knife edge, can be employed as a weapon. Comparable to your fist, all blows should be aimed toward soft tissue body areas.
The heel of your palm, due to its thickness, can be utilized for striking, deflecting, and blocking.
The fingers can be utilized for ripping, gouging, and tearing gentle tissue (e.g., throat, eyes, and groin).
The forearm can be employed as a protective mechanism to fend off or stop attacks. The forearm can also be utilized as a striking weapon to injure or crack joints and limbs. Attacking with the forearm does not constitute an increased risk of self-injury like strikes with the fist and fingers.
The elbow can be employed as a striking weapon. Due to the small space required to produce force, the elbow is an ideal weapon for striking in the wrestling or grappling range of close combat.
The legs are additionally more effective and more powerful than the other weapons of your body and are slightly less inclined to damage when striking.
The feet are shielded by shoes or boots and are the best choice for striking.
The ball of your foot called the instep and your toe can both be used to kick an adversary. The toe is exclusively advised for striking when wearing footwear. The cutting edge of your heel and heel can be employed to crush an opponent.
Similar to your elbow, your knee is a perfect weapon in the grappling range of close combat. Knee strikes are considerably more practical while fighting near your opponent whereas kicks are unrealistic.
The groin region is an excellent mark for the knee strike against an adversary who’s standing upright. The knee strike can be a destructive follow-up attack to the face after your first attack that forces the opponent to bend down at the waist.
Target Areas Of The Body
In the course of close combat, the regions of your opponent’s body that are easily reachable will change with each position, during and throughout the fight. The objective is to strike those sites that are readily available. These places are split into five main locations: head, neck, torso or trunk, groin, and extremities (e.g., shoulder joints to hands, etc).
The exposed or unprotected areas of the head are the eyes, nose, ears, temple, and jaw. Tremendous injury to the skull can extinguish, or destroy an adversary. This is not to be taken lightly, be advised and take great caution from possibly harming others.
The eyes are ideal targets because they are delicate tissues not shielded by bone or muscles. Any aggression in this area may force the enemy to cover the space with their hands. Secondary attacks to different target locations can then be efficiently performed while your rival’s hands are preoccupied.
The temple is amongst the most delicate locations of the head. Strong strikes to the temple can induce lasting damage and even demise.
The nose is extremely susceptible and can be effortlessly busted. An attack on this site can generate spontaneous watering and shutting of the eyes, leaving the opponent helpless to secondary hits. Unless your blows to the nose are forcefully executed, aggression to the nose might not divert your opponent because, through conditioning, fighters can get used to the impact of strikes and blows against their noses.
Attacking the ear might force the eardrum to rupture, but as with the nose area, this might not prevent or even divert the opponent unless the strikes are produced very strongly.
The jaw area, when hit hard, can render someone unconscious. Strikes to the jaw can generate agonizing damage to teeth and neighboring tissues (e.g., lips, tongue), but the chance of self-injury is significant unless the strikes are produced with a tough object such as a rifle butt, helmet, or heel of your boots.
Front Of The Neck
The front of the neck or throat space is a gentle tissue site that is not protected by natural defense. Injury to this area can force the trachea to enlarge and shut the airway, which can cause mortal harm.
Back of Neck
The back of the neck or cervical area includes the spinal cord and the nervous system connected to the brain. The load of the head and the absence of large muscle mass in the neck region combine to permit injury to the spinal column when the noggin is turned violently. Aggression in this area can easily render discomfort and immobility or paralysis of an opponent.
The clavicle or collar bone can be effortlessly fractured, rendering immobility of the opponent’s arm.
Attacks to the solar plexus or middle of the chest can incapacitate the opponent by knocking the wind out of him.
Injury to the ribs can immobilize your opponent and might induce internal injury.
Strong attacks on the kidneys can yield immobilization, lasting impairment, and even mortal harm.
The groin region is another significant gentle tissue site not protected by natural defense. Any harm to this place can force the person to unwillingly defend the wounded location, commonly with the hands or legs. The scrotum or testicles are the primary targets considering even a close miss will generate intense pain, compression of the lower abdominal muscles, weakening of the opponent’s posture, and potential internal injury.
The Body’s Extremities
Seldom will an attack on a person’s extremities (arms and legs) bring about mortal harm, but they’re critical target locations in close combat. Injury to a body joint can cause your opponent to be immobilized.
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